Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a urologic disease that primarily affects the lower urinary tract, which consists of the bladder and urethra (a tube that transports urine from the bladder). This disease is more likely to occur in women than men due to the fact that women have a shorter urethra; which allows bacteria easy access to the bladder from the vagina or anus.
Activities such as sexual intercourse may also encourage bacteria to attack the urethra, and sexually active individuals may experience recurring infections after sexual intercourse. The best way to avoid getting a UTI is to thoroughly clean your genitals from front to back after using the washroom and drink plenty of water to flush out the bacteria from your body.
The main symptoms of UTI are:
- A persistent urge to urinate
- Feeling a burning sensation while urinating
- Small but frequent periods of urination
- Cloudy or very smelly urine
- Blood-tinged urine
- Pelvic pain
If the infection is left untreated, the bacteria will make its way to the kidneys and cause serious damage to the kidneys. A person with an infection in the bladders or kidneys may show further symptoms such as high fever, nausea, vomiting, and lower abdominal pain.
For more information on urinary tract infections and how it affects women, you can read our blog at: https://www.islandhospital.com/en/health_blog/en/urinary-tract-infections-uti-in-women