Located between the bladder and penis, the prostate gland is a walnut-shaped organ that, though not important for one’s survival, plays a vital role in reproduction. Together with the seminal vesicles, it produces seminal fluid rich with zinc, citrate, and fructose which provide energy for the sperm to make its journey to the egg in order to allow fertilisation to take place. This seminal fluid also contains antibodies that help prevent bacteria and pathogens from attacking the urinary tract and sperm.
Like most types of cancer, the exact cause behind prostate cancer still remains unknown to doctors. However, it is largely agreed upon that gene mutation is the main possible reason as certain genes determine when our cells grow, divide into more cells, and die. When mutation takes place, cells in the prostate will begin to grow at an uncontrollable rate and become abnormal. As the cancerous and abnormal cells continue to increase and divide, a tumour eventually forms and may spread to other parts of the body.
Here are a few factors that can possibly identify whether you have a higher risk of contracting prostate cancer:
While most men may not experience any symptoms or signs in its early stage, it does not mean that prostate cancer is to be taken lightly. Consult your doctor if you notice the following symptoms:
If left untreated, prostate cancer may spread and form tumours in neighbouring bones, organs, and even the spine. This can lead to a host of new symptoms such as:
Before undergoing a treatment plan for prostate cancer, a few factors will be considered such as your overall health, the aggressiveness of the cancer, how much it has spread, and the side effects that a certain treatment may bring. There are several types of treatment for prostate cancer as listed below:
Whether you are experiencing an early or advanced stage of prostate cancer, there will bound to be an emergence of side effects while undergoing treatment. Some of the side effects include:
Like any disease, prostate cancer can be prevented with a few simple changes to your lifestyle. Here are some ways to do so:
Take steps to keep you and your loved ones at Island Hospital - and enjoy the gift of health