There is no cure for asthma, but there are treatment options to manage the symptoms of asthma so you can live a normal life. Inhalers are the main and most common form of treatment for people with asthma. It is a device that contains medication and comes in a few types. When you experience symptoms of asthma, using an inhaler will let you breathe in the medication and allow it to travel down to the affected areas of the airway.
Types of inhalers:
Preventer inhalers – Preventer inhalers are the most important treatment for asthma. These inhalers contain steroids to reduce the inflammation of the airways and are taken daily to prevent or slow the progression of asthma symptoms. When the medication takes effect, it helps to prevent the sudden exacerbation (flaring up) of an asthma attack. These inhalers are crucial to reduce the risk of future asthma attacks and it is recommended to take preventer inhalers regularly.
Reliever inhalers – Reliever inhalers can be taken as required to ease symptoms of asthma whenever you feel breathless, wheezy or tight-chested. The medications in relievers work to relax the muscles in your airways, causing it to open up and allowing you to breathe. A person with occasional symptoms every now and then will only need a reliever inhaler to manage their symptoms. Relievers can also be taken before exercise or sports to avoid exercise-induced asthma. Relievers are also known as bronchodilators.
Oral medication – If inhalers at not enough in helping you manage your asthma, then tablets may also be prescribed to help ease or prevent symptoms.