Glaucoma

By Island Hospital   |   26.11.2018

Glaucoma is associated with higher-than-normal pressure inside the eye (ocular hypertension). If untreated or uncontrolled, glaucoma first causes peripheral vision loss and eventually can lead to blindness. 

1. OVERVIEW-1Globally, glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness (behind cataracts), according to the World Health Organization (WHO). The two main types are open-angle and acute angle-closure. Distinguishing both types is important as their management is different.

2. SYMPTOMS-1At first, open-angle glaucoma has no symptoms. It causes no pain. Vision stays normal. Glaucoma can develop in one or both eyes.

Without treatment, people with glaucoma will slowly lose their peripheral (side) vision. As glaucoma remains untreated, people may miss objects to the side and out of the corner of their eye. They seem to be looking through a tunnel. Over time, straight-ahead (central) vision may decrease until no vision remains.

3.-FACTSWhile there is no cure for glaucoma, early diagnosis and continuing treatment can preserve eyesight. Nerve damage and vision loss from glaucoma cannot usually be reversed; however, glaucoma can generally be controlled.

The treatment of glaucoma is aimed at reducing intraocular pressure. The most common first-line treatment for glaucoma is usually prescription eye drops. In some cases, systemic medications, laser treatment and/or another surgery may be required.

When it comes to glaucoma, risk reduction is a simple matter of damage control. Aside from following healthy lifestyle recommendations, we have little control over whether we develop glaucoma or not.

If you are over the age of 40 and if you have a family history of glaucoma, you should have a complete eye exam with an eye doctor every one to two years. If you have health problems such as diabetes or a family history of glaucoma or are at risk for other eye diseases, you may need to visit your eye doctor more frequently.

Glaucoma can cause blindness if it is left untreated. And unfortunately, approximately 10% of people with glaucoma who receive proper treatment still experience loss of vision.

 

At Island Hospital, our eye specialists are dedicated to to providing friendly, professional care for your eyes, from comprehensive eye exams to delicate surgery in a friendly, empathic, and professional atmosphere. We use state-of-the-art equipment and techniques to give you the best results. In addition to routine eye examinations, we provide top-quality service to treat a range of eye problems including cataracts, glaucoma, dry eye, macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, corneal disease and crossed eyes. We also offer LASIK eye surgery. We take pride in helping our patients to restore their sight, guard their vision, and minimize any loss of vision.

Make an Appointment
Get Screening Package Now


28.09.2018
Warning signs of Prehypertension

 Prehypertension is a warning sign – a yellow light in the traffic lights of cardiovascular disease. It means that you will probably develop high blood pressure in the future. Hence, it is a precursor of complications that come with hypertension such as increased risk of heart attack, stroke, coronary heart disease, heart failure, and kidney failure. If you are overweight, lead a sedentary lifestyle, you smoke, drink excessive alcohol, eat food with high salt content, and have a family history of hypertension; you are most likely at risk of prehypertension. Prehypertension usually poses no symptoms and is diagnosed at a doctor’s clinic or pharmacy when your blood pressure is taken during a regular health screening.

Read More
28.09.2018
Hypertension – the silent killer you need to know

The symptoms for hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, usually come TOO LATE. It develops slowly over time, and can be related to many causes. Unfortunately, many people with high blood pressure do not even know they have it, when it is a condition that can be managed very effectively through lifestyle changes, and medication when needed.

Read More
14.09.2018
Top 7 facts about Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

Coronary Artery Disease, also called CAD, coronary arteriosclerosis, coronary atherosclerosis is the most common type of heart disease. It is important to learn the basics and know how to manage CAD effectively. Here are the Top 7 facts you should know about Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

Read More
09.10.2018
Vaginitis: What Should I Know?

Vaginal health is an important part of a woman's overall well being. Vaginal problems can affect your fertility, desire for sex and ability to reach orgasm. Ongoing vaginal health issues can also cause stress or relationship problems and impact your self-confidence.

Read More
10.09.2018
Ovarian Cyst

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets in an ovary or on its surface. Women have two ovaries — each about the size and shape of an almond — on each side of the uterus. Eggs (ova), which develop and mature in the ovaries, are released in monthly cycles during childbearing years.

Read More
06.12.2018
Colon Cancer – What do you not know?

Myths and Realities of Colorectal Cancer?

Read More
17.10.2018
Cataract

The eye’s natural crystalline lens helps us focus on people and things at varying distances.

Unfortunately, as we grow older this lens often stiffens and hardens, and without its youthful suppleness, it loses its ability to focus, creating vision problems. This condition — for most, a natural consequence of aging — is called presbyopia.

Read More
06.12.2018
Stroke – The 3rd Leading Cause of Death and What Can You Do About It

On a family vacation in Bogor, Jonathan*, 52, suffered a massive stroke but refused to be taken to the hospital by his wife only until much too late. The next few days were filled with hospital arrangements, consultations with doctors there, and the logistics of getting him home which weighed down on his wife. She had a business to run, 4 children below 19 years old, and not much time to think about the longer-term implications of Jonathan’s stroke. This process of adjusting to a new way of life to cater for Jonathan’s needs only kicked start after they went back to Jakarta, where he spent a month in the hospital and then three months at the rehabilitation centre. He had lost all ability to speak, write, or even gesture to show his needs.

Read More