Blood pressure is considered high if the upper value of the blood pressure (known as systolic value) is 140mmHg or more, or the lower value of the blood pressure (known as the diastolic value) is 90mmHg or more, or both.
Hypertension or high blood pressure refers to the condition in which the blood is pumped around the body at too high a pressure. Blood pressure is not the same throughout the day. It varies with time of day or night, exercise, excitement or stress. Because of this normal variation, it is important to measure the blood pressure a few times on different occasions.
High blood pressure is a common condition in which the long-term force of the blood against your artery walls is high enough to cause health problems, such as heart disease.
Blood pressure is determined both by the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries. The more blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure.
In 95% of cases, the cause of hypertension is unknown. In 5% of cases, hypertension may be due to causes such as kidney disease, narrowing of certain blood vessels or hormonal imbalance.
Obesity, diabetes, smoking, excessive salt and alcohol consumption, physical inactivity and frequent psychological stress are risk factors that increase the chance of developing hypertension.
People who have a family history of hypertension are also more Iikely to develop hypertension. Your risk doubles if you have one or more close family members with high blood pressure before the age of 60. A very strong family history means you have 3 or more relatives who had high blood pressure before 60. It is important to understand that a family history of high blood pressure does not mean you will have high blood pressure, but it increases your chances.
Hypertension is often called the ''silent killer." Even when severe, it may not give rise to any symptoms. Occasionally, you may have headaches or giddiness when the hypertension is severe. However, these symptoms are not specific to hypertension; they are also present in other diseases. Sometimes, hypertension is only discovered when complications set in, for example, a stroke or a heart attack.
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Heart attacks and strokes are common emergencies related to hypertension and can be
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Lifestyle modification forms the foundation for the treatment of hypertension and other metabolic disease. Very often losing weight, exercising, eating less salt, quitting smoking and avoiding excessive alcohol is all that is needed to control blood pressure. When changing lifestyle does not help control blood pressure, anti-hypertensive medications may be prescribed. Even when taking medication, healthy lifestyle should be continued. Appropriate treatment of high blood pressure has been known to reduce death rates from strokes and coronary heart disease.
You have been diagnosed with having high blood pressure (hypertension), and will most likely be prescribed drugs that belong to these 5 main groups:
Prescription of medication is individualised depending on the person's age, sex and coexisting medical conditions. More than one drug may be prescribed to keep the blood pressure (BP) at an acceptable level. Single drugs which combine medications from 2 of these groups are also available.
Heart attack is caused by narrowed heart arteries. When arteries are narrowed (a process called atherosclerosis), less blood and oxygen reaches the heart muscle. This is also called coronary artery disease and coronary heart disease. This can ultimately lead to heart attack.
We often tend to ignore or forget, for whatever reason, the most important organ in the entire human body – the Heart. It beats 100,000 times a day and over 2.5 billion times in the average lifetime. Now, is the perfect opportunity to be more proactive about taking care of your heart. After all, it works hard - without breaks - to keep you alive, so you should do your part and return the favor.
Coronary Artery Disease, also called CAD, coronary arteriosclerosis, coronary atherosclerosis is the most common type of heart disease. It is important to learn the basics and know how to manage CAD effectively. Here are the Top 7 facts you should know about Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets in an ovary or on its surface. Women have two ovaries — each about the size and shape of an almond — on each side of the uterus. Eggs (ova), which develop and mature in the ovaries, are released in monthly cycles during childbearing years.
Vaginal health is an important part of a woman's overall well being. Vaginal problems can affect your fertility, desire for sex and ability to reach orgasm. Ongoing vaginal health issues can also cause stress or relationship problems and impact your self-confidence.
A breast lump is a localised swelling, bulge, or bump in the breast that feels different from the breast tissue around it or the breast tissue in the same area of the other breast. Breast lumps may develop in both males and females, but they are much more common in females.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs when stomach acid frequently flows back into the tube connecting your mouth and stomach (esophagus). This backwash (acid reflux) can irritate the lining of your esophagus and cause symptoms that affect your health.
The eye’s natural crystalline lens helps us focus on people and things at varying distances.
Unfortunately, as we grow older this lens often stiffens and hardens, and without its youthful suppleness, it loses its ability to focus, creating vision problems. This condition — for most, a natural consequence of aging — is called presbyopia.
Glaucoma is associated with higher-than-normal pressure inside the eye (ocular hypertension). If untreated or uncontrolled, glaucoma first causes peripheral vision loss and eventually can lead to blindness.
On a family vacation in Bogor, Jonathan*, 52, suffered a massive stroke but refused to be taken to the hospital by his wife only until much too late. The next few days were filled with hospital arrangements, consultations with doctors there, and the logistics of getting him home which weighed down on his wife. She had a business to run, 4 children below 19 years old, and not much time to think about the longer-term implications of Jonathan’s stroke. This process of adjusting to a new way of life to cater for Jonathan’s needs only kicked start after they went back to Jakarta, where he spent a month in the hospital and then three months at the rehabilitation centre. He had lost all ability to speak, write, or even gesture to show his needs.