Most cysts don’t cause symptoms and go away on their own. However, a large ovarian cyst can cause:
Treatment depends on:
In many cases you can wait and be re-examined to see if the cyst goes away within a few months. This is typically an option if you are pre-menopausal, if you have no symptoms and an ultrasound shows you have a simple, small, fluid-filled cyst. Follow-up with pelvic ultrasounds at intervals to see if your cyst changes in size.
Hormonal contraceptives, such as birth control pills, keep ovarian cysts from recurring. However, birth control pills won’t shrink an existing cyst.
Removing a cyst that is large, doesn’t look like a functional cyst, is growing, continues through two or three menstrual cycles, or causes pain. Some cysts can be removed without removing the ovary (ovarian cystectomy). In some cases, your doctor might suggest removing the affected ovary and leaving the other intact (oophorectomy).
If a cystic mass is cancerous, your doctor will likely refer you to a gynecologic cancer specialist. You might need to have your uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes removed (total hysterectomy) and possibly chemotherapy or radiation. Your doctor is also likely to recommend surgery when an ovarian cyst develops after menopause.
Prehypertension is a warning sign – a yellow light in the traffic lights of cardiovascular disease. It means that you will probably develop high blood pressure in the future. Hence, it is a precursor of complications that come with hypertension such as increased risk of heart attack, stroke, coronary heart disease, heart failure, and kidney failure. If you are overweight, lead a sedentary lifestyle, you smoke, drink excessive alcohol, eat food with high salt content, and have a family history of hypertension; you are most likely at risk of prehypertension. Prehypertension usually poses no symptoms and is diagnosed at a doctor’s clinic or pharmacy when your blood pressure is taken during a regular health screening.
The symptoms for hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, usually come TOO LATE. It develops slowly over time, and can be related to many causes. Unfortunately, many people with high blood pressure do not even know they have it, when it is a condition that can be managed very effectively through lifestyle changes, and medication when needed.
Coronary Artery Disease, also called CAD, coronary arteriosclerosis, coronary atherosclerosis is the most common type of heart disease. It is important to learn the basics and know how to manage CAD effectively. Here are the Top 7 facts you should know about Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
A breast lump is a localised swelling, bulge, or bump in the breast that feels different from the breast tissue around it or the breast tissue in the same area of the other breast. Breast lumps may develop in both males and females, but they are much more common in females.
Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous growths of the uterus that often appear during childbearing years. Also called leiomyomas (lie-o-my-O-muhs) or myomas, uterine fibroids aren’t associated with an increased risk of uterine cancer and almost never develop into cancer.
Vaginal health is an important part of a woman's overall well being. Vaginal problems can affect your fertility, desire for sex and ability to reach orgasm. Ongoing vaginal health issues can also cause stress or relationship problems and impact your self-confidence.
The liver is an organ about the size of a football that sits just under your rib cage on the right side of your abdomen. The liver is essential for digesting food and ridding your body of toxic substances.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs when stomach acid frequently flows back into the tube connecting your mouth and stomach (esophagus). This backwash (acid reflux) can irritate the lining of your esophagus and cause symptoms that affect your health.
Glaucoma is associated with higher-than-normal pressure inside the eye (ocular hypertension). If untreated or uncontrolled, glaucoma first causes peripheral vision loss and eventually can lead to blindness.
The eye’s natural crystalline lens helps us focus on people and things at varying distances.
Unfortunately, as we grow older this lens often stiffens and hardens, and without its youthful suppleness, it loses its ability to focus, creating vision problems. This condition — for most, a natural consequence of aging — is called presbyopia.
On a family vacation in Bogor, Jonathan*, 52, suffered a massive stroke but refused to be taken to the hospital by his wife only until much too late. The next few days were filled with hospital arrangements, consultations with doctors there, and the logistics of getting him home which weighed down on his wife. She had a business to run, 4 children below 19 years old, and not much time to think about the longer-term implications of Jonathan’s stroke. This process of adjusting to a new way of life to cater for Jonathan’s needs only kicked start after they went back to Jakarta, where he spent a month in the hospital and then three months at the rehabilitation centre. He had lost all ability to speak, write, or even gesture to show his needs.
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