Located between the bladder and penis, the prostate gland is a walnut-shaped organ that, though not important for one’s survival, plays a vital role in reproduction. Together with the seminal vesicles, it produces seminal fluid rich with zinc, citrate, and fructose which provide energy for the sperm to make its journey to the egg in order to allow fertilisation to take place. This seminal fluid also contains antibodies that help prevent bacteria and pathogens from attacking the urinary tract and sperm.
Like most types of cancer, the exact cause behind prostate cancer still remains unknown to doctors. However, it is largely agreed upon that gene mutation is the main possible reason as certain genes determine when our cells grow, divide into more cells, and die. When mutation takes place, cells in the prostate will begin to grow at an uncontrollable rate and become abnormal. As the cancerous and abnormal cells continue to increase and divide, a tumour eventually forms and may spread to other parts of the body.
Here are a few factors that can possibly identify whether you have a higher risk of contracting prostate cancer:
While most men may not experience any symptoms or signs in its early stage, it does not mean that prostate cancer is to be taken lightly. Consult your doctor if you notice the following symptoms:
If left untreated, prostate cancer may spread and form tumours in neighbouring bones, organs, and even the spine. This can lead to a host of new symptoms such as:
Before undergoing a treatment plan for prostate cancer, a few factors will be considered such as your overall health, the aggressiveness of the cancer, how much it has spread, and the side effects that a certain treatment may bring. There are several types of treatment for prostate cancer as listed below:
Whether you are experiencing an early or advanced stage of prostate cancer, there will bound to be an emergence of side effects while undergoing treatment. Some of the side effects include:
Should you have any concerns regarding your treatment journey, do not hesitate to consult our doctor to find out more about the risks involved.
Like any disease, prostate cancer can be prevented with a few simple changes to your lifestyle. Here are some ways to do so:
Incorporate more fruits, vegetables, and grains into your diet instead of high-fat foods. While it has yet to be proven that eating healthily can prevent prostate cancer, a healthy diet can improve your overall health. If you are a smoker, you should consider stopping your smoking habits.
Regular exercise helps in maintaining your weight, improving your health, and lowers your risk for prostate cancer. If you are new to it, start off slow and gradually lengthen your exercise time.
The aim of visiting your doctor is to diagnose prostate cancer as early as possible. When detected early, it can potentially be cured. This can be done with a simple biopsy-taking examination of the prostate such as the digital rectal exam (DRE) and a Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) blood test.
During a DRE procedure, the doctor will insert a gloved, lubricated finger through your rectum and feel your prostate to determine its size and whether there are any abnormalities with it. This procedure takes only a few minutes to be done.
As for a PSA blood test, some of your blood will be drawn and sent to the lab to determine the amount of PSA produced by your prostate gland. Although there is no such thing as a “normal” PSA level, most men who suffer from prostate cancer tend to have higher PSA levels. If you have a PSA level ranging from or exceeding 4 to 10ng/ml, talk to our doctor immediately.
You have two kidneys. They are bean-shaped and each about the size of your fists. They are located at either side of the spine near the middle of your back. Most people think their kidneys are only responsible for producing urine.
The symptoms for hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, usually come TOO LATE. It develops slowly over time, and can be related to many causes. Unfortunately, many people with high blood pressure do not even know they have it, when it is a condition that can be managed very effectively through lifestyle changes, and medication when needed.
Heart attack is caused by narrowed heart arteries. When arteries are narrowed (a process called atherosclerosis), less blood and oxygen reaches the heart muscle. This is also called coronary artery disease and coronary heart disease. This can ultimately lead to heart attack.
Coronary Artery Disease, also called CAD, coronary arteriosclerosis, coronary atherosclerosis is the most common type of heart disease. It is important to learn the basics and know how to manage CAD effectively. Here are the Top 7 facts you should know about Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets in an ovary or on its surface. Women have two ovaries — each about the size and shape of an almond — on each side of the uterus. Eggs (ova), which develop and mature in the ovaries, are released in monthly cycles during childbearing years.
A breast lump is a localised swelling, bulge, or bump in the breast that feels different from the breast tissue around it or the breast tissue in the same area of the other breast. Breast lumps may develop in both males and females, but they are much more common in females.
Vaginal health is an important part of a woman's overall well being. Vaginal problems can affect your fertility, desire for sex and ability to reach orgasm. Ongoing vaginal health issues can also cause stress or relationship problems and impact your self-confidence.
The liver is an organ about the size of a football that sits just under your rib cage on the right side of your abdomen. The liver is essential for digesting food and ridding your body of toxic substances.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs when stomach acid frequently flows back into the tube connecting your mouth and stomach (esophagus). This backwash (acid reflux) can irritate the lining of your esophagus and cause symptoms that affect your health.
The eye’s natural crystalline lens helps us focus on people and things at varying distances.
Unfortunately, as we grow older this lens often stiffens and hardens, and without its youthful suppleness, it loses its ability to focus, creating vision problems. This condition — for most, a natural consequence of aging — is called presbyopia.
Glaucoma is associated with higher-than-normal pressure inside the eye (ocular hypertension). If untreated or uncontrolled, glaucoma first causes peripheral vision loss and eventually can lead to blindness.
Ever been in a situation when your hands start to sweat? Or maybe when you are waiting for your health screening results? The doctors might shake your hand and hope you did not just come from the bathroom because your palms are more saturated than a sponge in water. So what is going on here?
On a family vacation in Bogor, Jonathan*, 52, suffered a massive stroke but refused to be taken to the hospital by his wife only until much too late. The next few days were filled with hospital arrangements, consultations with doctors there, and the logistics of getting him home which weighed down on his wife. She had a business to run, 4 children below 19 years old, and not much time to think about the longer-term implications of Jonathan’s stroke. This process of adjusting to a new way of life to cater for Jonathan’s needs only kicked start after they went back to Jakarta, where he spent a month in the hospital and then three months at the rehabilitation centre. He had lost all ability to speak, write, or even gesture to show his needs.
Frustrated over stubborn fats that just won’t go away despite exercising regularly and eating healthily? Worried about flabby fats bulging out of your newly bought clothes? If you answered yes to these questions, then fat freezing may be the solution for you.
Most people know of someone in their family or a friend who has been diagnosed with cancer. Cancer affects everyone – the young and old, the rich and poor, men, women and children – and represents a tremendous burden on patients, families and societies. Cancer is one of the leading causes of death in the world.
Have you noticed yourself going to the toilet more than usual? Or are you experiencing pain whenever you urinate and see traces of blood in it? If you have answered yes to these questions, you may be having a urological disease.